National Mathematics Year
In India and in Nigeria the year 2012 CE is celebrated and observed as the National Mathematics Year. In India the National Mathematics Year is celebrated as a tribute to the mathematical genius Srinivasa Ramanujan who was born on 22 December 1887 and whose 125th birthday falls on 22 December 2012. In Nigeria, the year 2012 is observed as National Mathematics Year as part of the Federal Government’s effort to promote and popularise the study of mathematics.
National Mathematics Year in India
The decision to designate the year 2012 CE as National Mathematics Year was announced by Dr Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India, during the inaugural ceremony of the celebrations to mark the 125th birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan held at the Madras University Centenary Auditorium on 26 February 2012. The Prime Minister also announced that December 22 would be celebrated as National Mathematics Day from 2012 on.
An Organising Committee with Professor M.S. Raghunathan, President of the Ramanujan Mathematical Society as chair, and Professor Dinesh Singh, Secretary of the Ramanujan Mathematical Society as secretary, has been formed to formulate and implement programmes and projects as part of the observance of the National Mathematics Year. A National Committee with Minister for Human Resource Development Kapil Sibal as the chair supervises the activities of the Organising Committee
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has declared the year 2012 as the ‘national year of mathematics’ for the country. This is to pay a tribute and mark the birth anniversary of mathematical genius Srinivasa Ramanujan.
In his address, the PM stressed that the country requires an adequate number of competent mathematicians in the 21century. Also, he said, the mathematical community has a duty to find out ways to address the shortage of quality mathematicians and reach out to the public, especially in the modern context, where mathematics has tremendous influence on every kind of human endeavour.
The great mathematician, Ramanujan , came from an economically weak background in Tamil Nadu and had minimal training in mathematics. Till few years of his initial childhood , he could not even speak, read or write. Yet he overcame all the formidable difficulties and contributed some of the greatest theories of maths.
His birthday, December 22, has been declared as the ‘national mathematics day’ . Celebrating the spirit of the maths genius, Dinesh Singh, vicechancellor , Delhi University, who has been a maths faculty, delivered a lecture at the Indian National Science Academy (INSA) recently. He elaborated on the history of India from the Indus Valley civilisation to S Ramanujan and the journey of mathematics.