Learning Resource Centre (Library) @ Kendriya Vidyalaya, Madurai

Icon

Any Time Any Where Information 4U

COURSES FOR HUMANITIES STREAM

PLEASE VISIT THE FOLLOWING BLOG TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THE COURSES AVAILABLE FOR THE STUDENTS OF HUMANITIES STREAM

http://humanitiescourses.blogspot.com

Filed under: HUMANITIES COURSES, ,

NURSING

Education in India : Nursing

Looking for a Career Option in the Field of Nursing ? This section features Nursing as a career option, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.

Nursing, a profession that recalls the name of Florence Nightingale is indeed one of the noblest professions in the world. It is the art of caring for sick people with the science of health care. It is a vital component of any form of medical care. The largest group of workers in the health sector are those in the nursing occupations as nurses and nursing assistants. In a hospital from the general ward to the operating theater, nursing forms an integral part. This is one of the few domains of work that is almost totally dominated by women.

Nursing duties are manifold and cover a wide range of functions and responsibilities, that depends with the level of qualification and the working environment. At the initial level, nurses are required for the bedside care of patients, while at senior level they are required to manage special group of people like psychiatric, pediatric, intensive care patients etc which require specialised skills. They are also involved in dispensing medication, keeping records of the patients progress, setting up and operating medical equipment, administration and several other routine chores.

Personality Traits    
 

 
This field is both mentally and physically demanding and nurses are often exposed to health risks from infectious diseases. As such this profession demands long hours of work and duties which incorporate both skill and understanding of patients needs. Those who come forward to take up this as a career has to be patient, courageous, have a service mentality and at the same time be ready to work for extra hours even night shifts.

The nursing profession calls for tremendous patience, responsibility and dedication. The job requires alertness of mind, team spirit, tact, compassion etc. One should also be physically fit, in peak health for the job involves a lot of hard work. They should have the instinct to help and serve the patient without getting sentimentally attached. Apart from all these one must have a pleasant smiling face whatever be the situation.

Courses/Training    
 

 
A large number of institutes in India offer diploma, graduate and postgraduate courses in nursing as well as midwifery courses.

  1. B.Sc Nursing:
    Eligibility: 10+2 with Biology, Physics and Chemistry
    Duration: 3 to 4 years
    B.Sc nursing course provide basic knowledge about nursing, first-aid and midwifery. They are trained in all the theoretical as well as practical aspects of nursing. 
  2. M.Sc Nursing:
    Eligibility: B.Sc Nursing
    Duration: 2 years 
  3. General Nursing & Midwifery (GNM):
    Eligibility: 10+2 with Biology, Physics and Chemistry
    Duration: 3 1/2 years
    GNM programme is to prepare general nurses who function as members of the health team, to hold first-level positions in both the hospitals and other such places. 
  4. Auxiliary Nurse Midwife/ Health Worker (ANM):
    Eligibility: 10th
    Duration: 18 months
    ANM course provide training as to how to take care of health related needs of the people living in rural areas especially children, mothers and old persons. 
  5. Hospital Nursing: Hospital nurses form the largest group of nurses. Hospital nurses are usually assigned to any special area of work such as surgery, maternity, intensive care, pediatrics, obstetric, rehabilitative etc. 
  6. Public Health Nursing/ Community Health Nursing: Public health nurses / Health worker work in government and private clinics and health departments in urban and rural areas to provide basic medical services to the local population. They instruct individuals, families and other groups in health education, disease prevention, nutrition and child care. They arrange for immunizations, blood pressure testing and other health screening. 
  7. Military Nursing: Provide health care services in armed forces. 
  8. Educators: This field combines nursing with the teaching of students of nursing and administration of educational programmes. 
  9. Industrial Nursing/ Occupational Health Nursing: They work under the direction of the industrial physicians and assist in taking preventive safety measures. They provide emergency care at the time of accidents taking place inside the industrial premises. 
  10. Psychiatric Nursing: This nursing involves working with patients suffering from emotional and psychological distress. Nursing these patients requires devotion and patience. They generally work in coordination with the psychiatrists, doctors and other specialists. 
  11. Pediatric Nursing: is concerned with the care of sick babies and children. 
  12. Orthopaedic Nursing: requires a knowledge of physiotherapy and rehabilitation
Institutions    
 

 
Please click here for the list of the Nursing Institutes in India.

Placements And Prospects    
 

 
They can find employment in Hospitals, Nursing homes, Clinics and Heath Departments, Orphanages and old age homes, Military etc They can find employment in

  1. Hospitals
  2. Nursing homes
  3. Clinics and Heath Departments
  4. Orphanages and old age homes
  5. Military
  6. Schools
  7. Industrial houses and factories
  8. Railways and public sector medical departments
  9. Training Institutes as educators

Filed under: Career Information, NURSING, ,

BANKING

Education in India : Banking

Click here to get information on institutes offering banking industry programs

Looking for a Career Option in the Field of Banking ? This section features Banking as a career option, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.

Banking has emerged as one of the most challenging sectors in the country. Openings are available at various levels, from Bank Clerical to Probationary Officers (PO). There is great job security and the salary is very good, besides the perquisites of loans for employees. It is a lucrative career: till recently careers existed only in nationalised banks, but with liberalisation, a host of private banks have been set up. As a result, demand for trained professionals has increased substantially. The private banks offer better salaries but then the job security is also less.

Personality Traits    
 

 
A clear logical mind, alertness, ability to take initiative, friendliness, assertiveness, diplomacy, capacity to motivate team members, efficiency, sincerity, drive, tact, sound knowledge of the banking system with up-to-date knowledge of recent developments, adaptability, dynamism and result-oriented outlook.

The person should have a mathematical aptitude. Employees joining as officers should be able to lead, motivate and manage the bank staff. Good verbal and written communication skills help in effective interaction with the clients as well as the staff. Integrity and honesty play a major role in all dealings related to money, staff and clients. A person responsible for foreign exchange transactions needs to have a sharp, quick and analytical mind.

Entry Process    
 

 
Selection procedure for RBI

The Reserve Bank of India is the topmost financial institution in India which makes all the policies and regulations for the other banks. It conducts tests for three types of entry level positions:

  1. Clerical grade
  2. Grade A officers
  3. Grade B officers

The entry point for clerical staff is in the cash department as examiners of coins and notes. They are promoted to the next grade when they successfully clear the relevant examinations after 5-10 years of service.

There is an All India Exam conducted for class I posts. Graduates, Post Graduates, CA’s, MBA’s in the 21-26 years of age group are eligible. The candidates are tested in logical reasoning, mental ability, numerical aptitude and general English.

The examination is in parts.

  1. Paper I is a written test comprising of General Mental Ability (Objective type).
  2. Paper II is a subjective one which has English Essays/Comprehension/Precise writing etc. Paper III is on Economics and Social problems.

Selected candidates are shortlisted for an interview which forms the basis for the final selection.

Selection procedure for other Nationalised Banks

Recruitment for the public sector banks is done through the Banking Service Recruitment Boards (BSRBs). The advertisements for recruitment appear in newspapers as well as the Employment News. Recruitment is done on the basis of a written test, which consists of:

  1. Test of Reasoning
  2. Quantitative Aptitude
  3. General Awareness
  4. English Language
  5. Descriptive Test

The test is qualifying in nature and the marks obtained are not added in the final merit list. Except for the descriptive portion, all other sections contain objective-type questions. In Reasoning, there is verbal and non-verbal sections. In English, the test is aimed at judging the overall comprehension and understanding of the language. The descriptive paper can be answered in English or Hindi. It judges the written expression of the candidates. All sections must be qualified.

Foreign banks pick up their personnel management institutes, from interviews held in the premier management institutes, from among finance professionals such as Chartered Accountants, Cost and Works Accountants and Chartered Financials Analysts and also from the fold of experienced personnel of the apex financial institutions and public sector commercial banks. Private banks recruit Officer Trainees from amongst first class graduates, Management Trainees from amongst MBAs, and also recruit experienced personnel from the banking sector for middle and higher management positions.

One can do a specialised course in banking from a number of universities offering such courses. The eligibility criteria is different for different courses and candidates are advised to check these out directly from the universities concerned.

Institutions    
 

 
Please click here for the list of the Banking Institutes in India.

Placements And Prospects    
 

 
As banking is a growing industry, the job prospects are good. In nationalised banks, one can expect regular promotions while in private banks it is performance that is rewarded. Promotions may be swift for deserving candidates. But it is not necessary to be a banking professional only to get into banks. As financial services are getting automated, the industry requires a large number of computer experts, both in computer maintenance and software. Private computer service contractors are also in great demand. It would be important to have a BE or MCA degree for such jobs.

Foreign banks and private banks mostly operate through branches in the metropolitan cities. Promotions are linked to a highly motivated, result-oriented and dynamic approach.

One reason to be excited about banking as a career is the rapid change taking place. Not only is there fresh competition, but technology promises to change the face of banking forever. The jobs are becoming comfortable, in the sense that the physical environment is pleasing and computerisation has taken the load off tedious jobs such as balancing accounts. As competition increases, a good banker will certainly be in great demand.

In the overall analysis, banking offers great scope for initiative and public service. Direct contact with people in the discharge of their duties helps bankers to keep their fingers on the pulse of the public. By their sincerity and efficiency they are able to win respect and standing in society.

Filed under: BANKING, Career Information, ,

PUBLISHING

Education in India : Publishing

Looking for a Career Option in the Field of Publishing ? This section features Publishing as a career option, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.

One would think that with the advent of the techno-age, the publishing industry would go completely out of business. To the collective relief of thousands of publishers and zillions of print-lovers, this is one dire prophecy that doesn’t seem to be proving true. The publishing industry, along with an inherent love of the printed word, seems to be thriving. It’s still not time to write it off as another ‘has been’! The word publishing denotes a huge amount of publishing work that includes the printing and publishing of books, newspapers, magazines, periodicals and journals. The basic requirements in terms of knowledge and experience remain the same in all these cases.

Jobs in this sector can be roughly categorised under three heads – editorial, production and marketing. Of course, there are people, mostly in the upper echelons of the industry, who can claim to be equally good at all three. And then then there are those like Vikram Seth, and more recently, David Davidar, the dynamic editor of Penguin, who make the shift from editing and publishing to writing with what seems like convenient ease.

Personality Traits    
 

 
Editorial work is handled by professionals who have a background in the subject involved in being published. A teaching background is useful for educational publishing and a degree in science, medicine, law or another speciality for a post with publisher covering these fields. For fiction, a background in literature generally helps and is looked for by publishing houses.

Publishing is simply bursting with opportunities for those with an inborn love of books. Those who want to begin at the sub-editor level need to be equipped with basic editorial skills, and loads of patience as you might be required to read through reams of manuscripts. If the smell of fresh newsprint makes you look forward to a bright day, and you simply love the musty smell of old books, have an eye for details and for out-of-place words and punctuation, you could have a career in publishing!

Courses/Training    
 

 
Courses in Publishing are very few as most publishers prefer to train their own staff to suit their requirements.

  1. After XII (any subject), graduation/postgraduation in journalism are suitable for shouldering editorial responsibility. Computing skills are required for word processing.
  2. Graduates of Art/ graphic designers/commercial art/photography/ calligraphy can join the art department.
  3. Class XII (PCM) followed by a diploma in printing technology can join the production department

Those looking for a career in publishing and with the required qualifications could find a job in Private publishing houses or in the publication department of any organisation that undertakes its own publishing. Some central and state government agencies such as the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting , and of Education and Culture, also have their own publication divisions.

There are other government organisations involved in publishing educational and cultural publications – these include the Sahitya Akademi, Indian Council for Cultural Relations and the Indian Council of Social Science Research. One could also work in publishing houses of organisations that are subsidized or run by public trust funds are the National Book Trust, NCERT and the Children’s Book Trust. Some major universities have also set up publishing departments that bring out academic works as do private educational and charitable institutions, as well as cultural and religious trusts.

Publishing courses :

  1. B.A with Book Publishing
  2. Course for Publishing Professionals Course Content
  3. Course In Book Publishing-Course: NBT Training Course in Book Publishing

In book publishing, entry in the editorial section is generally at the sub-editorial level, or as trainee sub-editor or junior sub. The hierarchy thereafter is as follows: Assistant Sub Editor, Sub Editor, Assistant Editor, Associate Editor, and Editor.

Institutions    
 

 
Please click here for the list of the Publishing Institutes in India.

Placements And Prospects    
 

 

  1. Editorial Jobs:Appointing and working with an editorial team The editorial director guides the team of editors and oversees the complete running of the publishing house Editors are responsible for locating, identifying the value of publishing books falling within their specific areas They select and contact authors for writing books on select topics They oversee the work from the perparation of outline to the final production of the book

    In small book publishing businesses, the task of an editor may involve overseeing the production as well as marketing of the books Publishing begins with the processing of the manuscript This is followed by the reading of the proof by the author, proof reader and editor, for checking the content, sequence, spellings and grammatical errors The final laser prints of the book are made and the book goes for production The editor directs the policy of the publication, manages the staff and coordinates all the work The work of sub-editors on newspapers and magazines is similar to copy-editors in book publishing.

  2. Production:Editing is carried out on the computer and the typeface and page layout adjusted The illustrations, appearance of the book, book cover, paper quality is decided by the editor as well as the production incharge The design department does the art work for the book. A number of publishing houses work with freelance artists on their roles who are commissioned for artwork, such as illustration, cover design, photographs etc

    Transparencies are prepared from the laser prints from which the frames for printing are prepared Production staff manage the technicalities of the printing process as well as the pricing and marketing of the product They purchase the paper, coordinate the printing and binding of the books In the newspaper and magazine segment the production department deals with purchase of newsprint as well as the printing and despatch of the newspapers/magazines to the marketing department.

  3. Sales And Marketing:Publicity, promotion, sales campaigns is the major responsibility Distribution of books entails understanding the market where the books may sell. Generally large distributors operate through a network of regional offices Sales outlets, bookshops are visited by sales representatives who have the responsibility of giving information of all forthcoming books as well as taking orders and ensuring supply. Distribution to libraries, schools, organisations is often done directly or through local book suppliers. The on-line book sales is perhaps the latest technique in marketing and sales.

Filed under: Career Information, PUBLISHING, ,

COMPANY SECRETARY

Education in India : Company Secretary

Looking for a Career Option as a Company Secretary ? This section features Company Secretary as a career option, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.

A company secretary’s role starts from the very moment when the idea of formation of a Company is conceived. Although the idea of formation of a company Secretary (CS) may vary from company to company the knowledge and training acquired by company secretaries make them versatile to carry out various functions in Finance, Accounts, Legal Administration and Personnel areas in addition to their own secretarial duties and responsibilities.

A company secretary is recognized as one of the principal officers of the company by various enactments. Company secretaries, thus occupy a pivotal and versatile position in companies. Companies having a paid up share capital of above Rs. 50 lakhs for more are statutorily required to appoint a whole-time CS.

Personality Traits    
 

 
Administrative ability, common sense and good judgment, legal aptitude, numerical ability, tact, discretion, interest in current affairs brevity and clarity in expression, confidential and assured manner and being systematic are useful traits foe an aspiring company secretary.

Company secretaries hold key positions, attend board meetings and have access to top level plans and secrets; they must therefore exercise tact and discretion and be loyal to the company.

Courses/Training    
 

 
Professional studies towards becoming a company secretary can commence right after completion of the plus two level of education through the foundation course. Foundation Course students are required to pass the Foundation Examination within 3 years from the day of admission. Candidates who have passed the Foundation examination or is exempted there from can seek registration as a student for the intermediate course. A registered student is admitted to the Final Course on passing the intermediate examination.

  1. Foundation courseDuration of Foundation Course is 8 months. Students are required to pass the Foundation examination within 3 years from the date of their admission. Candidates who have passed senior secondary (10+2) can apply for foundation course. Registration for foundation course is open through out the year. The exams for the foundation course are held in December and June. To appear for the exams in December candidate should apply for the exam before the previous march. Similarly to appear for the June exam, candidate should apply before the previous September. i.e the Registration for each examination should be done at least nine months before the month in which the examination is held.

    Subjects

    • English and Business Communication (FCEBC)
    • Basic Economics and Business Environment (FCBE-BE)
    • Financial Accounting (FCFA)
    • Elements of Business Laws and Management (FERBAM)
    • Information Systems and Quantitative Techniques (FCISQT)

     

  2. Intermediate courseCandidates who have passed the foundation course, and are not less than 17 years of age can apply for intermediate course. Graduates, post-graduates (excluding fine arts) and those who have passed final exam of ICWAI or ICAI or of any other accountancy Institution in India or abroad recognised by the Council of the Institute can directly enroll to the intermediate course without doing foundation course. Intermediate course consist of two groups. Candidates registered for intermediate course including the month of February in a year are eligible for appearing in both the groups of the Intermediate examination held in December of that year and those registered up to and including the month of August in a year are eligible to appear in the Intermediate examination held in June of next year.

    Subjects

    Group I

    • General and Commercial Laws (IGCL)
    • Company Accounts and Cost & Management Accounting (ICA&CMA)
    • Tax Laws (ITL)
    • Management Information Systems and Corporate Communication (IMIS&CC)

    Group II

    • Company Law (ICL)
    • Company Secretarial Practice (ICSP)
    • Economic, Labour and Industrial Laws (IELIL)
    • Securities Laws and Regulation of Financial Markets (ISLRFM)

    A candidate can get exemption for some individual papers on the basis of qualification

    1. Company Accounts and Cost & Management Accounting (ICA&CMA) – Master of Corporate Secretaryship/M.Com./M.B.A (with Accountancy as one of the subjects at B.A (C.S)/B.Com. level with full paper in Cost Accounting/Management Accounting/Financial Management at Master of Corporate Secretaryship/M.Com./M.B.A. level and must have secured fifty per cent marks in the subject concerned of a recognised university is exempted from this subject .
    2. General and Commercial Laws (IGCL) – A degree in Law or Master of Corporate Secretaryship is exempted from this subject.
    3. Tax Laws(ITL) – Master of Corporate Secretaryship is exempted from this subject.

    A Candidate who has passed the Final examination of the ICWAI is eligible to seek exemption from the following papers of Intermediate examination under a reciprocal arrangement existing at present between the two Institutes- Company Accounts and Cost & Management Accounting (ICA&CMA), Tax Laws(ITL)in the intermediate level. Financial, Treasury and Forex Management, Direct and Indirect Taxation – Law and Practice in the final level.

  3. Final courseA student is admitted to the Final examination only after a minimum period of nine months after passing intermediate examination. The examinations are conducted twice a year in June and December. Last date for enrolment applications for the final examination is 25th March (with late fee of Rs. 100, 9th April) for June examination and 25th September (with late fee of Rs. 100, 10th October) for December examination.

    Subjects

    Group I

    • Advanced Company Law and Practice (FACLP)
    • Secretarial Practice relating to Economic Laws and Drafting and Conveyancing (FSPELDC)
    • Secretarial Management and Systems Audit (FSMSA)

    Group II

    • Financial, Treasury and Forex Management (FFTFM)
    • Corporate Restructuring-Law and Practice (FCRLP)
    • Banking and Insurance-Law and Practice (FBILP)

    Group III

    • WTO-International Trade, Joint Ventures and Foreign Collaborations (FWTO)
    • Direct and Indirect Taxation-Law and Practice (FDITLP)
    • Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations (FHRMIR)

     

Training

The CS course is complete after students have undergone 16 months practical and modular training in order to apprise the students with the functioning of the Corporate Sector and to create a cadre of professional Company Secretaries having a sound theoretical base and practical exposure to serve trade and industry effectively, both as a part of the management team as well as independent practicing professionals.

Institutions    
 

 
Please click here for the list of the Secretarial Institutes in India.

Placements And Prospects    
 

 
Qualified company secretaries can find well-paid positions in the private sector and public corporate sector, banks and financial institutions, stock exchanges, the Department of Company Affairs, company law boards and government departments. The larger the company and the wider its field activity, the better the emoluments earned by the CS. private consultancy jobs are a very lucrative option.

Liberalisation and globalisation have a massive boost to corporate activity and along with it the openings for company secretaries continue to grow. In the present age of mergers, acquisitions, and tie-ups this profession looks forward to rich dividends.

Th Employment Avenues for a Company Secretary can be any of the following

  • Small firms usually employ company secretaries on retainership basis for professional advice and support e.g licences, registrations, loans, taxes, partnership deeds etc. There is plenty of scope for specialisation and moving into general management and administration at the highest level in business houses or CS firms. The job positions begin with Junior Secretarial officer, Company Secretary, to Financial Advisor. 
  • Membership of the Institute is the only prescribed qualification which a person must possess for appointment as company secretary in such a company. Even in the case of a company having a paid-up share capital of less than Rs 50 lakh, if it appoints a secretary, he/she should possess one of the prescribed qualifications, which include having passed the Intermediate Examination of the Institute. Also, all companies seeking listing on stock exchange are required to have a full-time qualified company secretary. 
  • Membership of the Institute has been recognised by the Ministry of Education, Government of India, for appointment to superior posts and services under the Central Government. It is also one of the essential qualifications for recruitment to Grades I to IV in the Accounts Branch of the Central Company Law Service of the Department of Company Affairs. Specialists in banks in the fields of Finance, Accounts, Law and Merchant Banking. 
  • Almost every kind of organisation whose affairs are conducted by boards, councils and other corporate structures, be it a company, cooperative society, trust, society, association, federation, authority, commission, board or the like, finds it useful to appoint a person who holds the qualification of company secretaryship in key administrative positions. Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms of the Central Government empanels company secretaries for assignment of Indian experts to the developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America.

Filed under: Career Information, COMPANY SECRETARY, ,

Creative New Year 2014

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 582 other followers

Happy New Year 2014

National Book Week, 14-20, Nov.2013

Happy Book Week , My dear Readers !!! Expand your horizon of knoweledge via books........all through.......always....all ways

National Book Week, Nov.14-20, 2013

National Book Week, 2013

Read this Blog in Hindi

Read this Blog in Tamil

National Book Day upto

World Book DayNovember 20th, 2013
Let this World Book Week bring more goodness in our library use habits !!!

New Arrivals

Del.icio.us Bookmarks

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 582 other followers

RSS NDTV India News

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS Cricketnext

RSS Blog for Scouts & Guides

  • Amendments made on 30/11/2014 – Guide Section
    Amendments made on 30/11/2014 – Guide Section Please click the following link to get amendments made in APRO III Guide section on 30/11/2014. APRO Part III – Guide SectionFiled under: AMENDMENTS Tagged: AMENDMENTS, APRO, guide section
  • Amendments made on 30/11/2014 – Scout Section
    Amendments made on 30/11/2014 – Scout Section Please click the following link to get the amendments made in APRO Part II – for scouts APRO Part II – Scout SectionFiled under: AMENDMENTS Tagged: AMENDMENTS, APRO, SCOUT SECTION
  • E-Books on Compass
    Two books on Compass 1) js_s_map-and-compass 2) mapcompassFiled under: 97.E-BOOKS ON SCOUTING, COMPASS Tagged: COMPASS, MAPPING, scout quiz
  • Scout Quizzzzzzzzzzzzz
    BADEN POWELL AND SCOUTING 1. Who is the founder of Scouting / Guiding? Lord Baden Powell of Gilwell. 2. Where was Baden-Powell born? When? In Gilwell, on Feb 22, 1857. 3. What the full name B.P? Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell. 4. Who was B.P’s mother? Daughter of the British Admiral W. T. Sonyth. 5. Who […]
  • Scout Quiz Questions 4 U
    Some Scout Quiz Questions to Ponder………. I Set 1. What was Baden-Powell’s Christian name? Robert Richard Rupert 2. In which year was B-P born? 1847 1857 1927 3. What was the name of the town in South Africa BP saved whilst in the Army? Mafeking Mafeprince Mafequeen 4. On his return to England, BP wrote […]